OMS – lo IARC classifica ufficialmente le radiofrequenze da cellulare come “possibly carcinogenic” (possibilmente cancerogeno)

Lo IARC (International  Agency  for  Research  on  Cancer), l’ente dell’OMS proposto all’individuazione e alla catalogazione degli agenti cancerogeni, a seguito delle risultanze di studi internazionali, ha preso una posizione ufficiale sulla pericolosità delle radiofrequenze da cellulare classificandole 2B, ovvero, possibilmente cancerogeno per l’uomo.

La valutazione è prudenziale ed è destinata ad avere immediate e significative ricadute nell’organizzazione del lavoro, nella valutazione dei rischi e nelle modalità con le quali, attualmente, vengono gestiti i dispositivi che emettono radiofrequenze.

In attesa di poter leggere l’intero testo della monografica IARC, ricordiamo qui alcuni semplici concetti normativi che rendono questa classificazione rilevante e vincolante per le aziende:

Secondo il Codice Civile (Art. 2087) è necessario che l’azienda attui la massima sicurezza possibile, anche in ragione della esperienza e della tecnica al momento conoscibile. Il Codice Penale fa leva su questo obbligo per configurare la responsabilità colposa del datore di lavoro che abbia sottostimato un fattore di rischio rivelatosi poi dannoso. Gli attuali processi per le vittime dell’amianto si fondano su questo principio, pur in assenza di violazioni di precetti normativi, senza alcun superamento di soglie di esposizione e in totale assenza di normativa tecnica cogente.

Bernieri Consulting è a disposizione per assistere le aziende in materia. Per contatti e informazioni, si prega di CLICCARE QUI.

I clienti attualmente assistiti da contratto di consulenza, riceveranno in tempi brevi un aggiornamento del Documento di Valutazione dei rischi, che tenga conto e valuti correttamente l’esposizione a cellulari

 

Dettagli ulteriori :la definizione esatta della categoria 2B è la seguente:

This category is used for agents for which there is limited evidence of carcinogenicity in humans and less than sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in experimental animals. It may also be used when there is inadequate evidence of carcinogenicity in humans but there is sufficient evidence  of  carcinogenicity  in  experimental  animals.  In  some  instances,  an  agent  for  which  there  is inadequate  evidence  of  carcinogenicity  in  humans  and  less  than  sufficient  evidence  of
carcinogenicity  in  experimental  animals  together  with  supporting  evidence  from mechanistic and other relevant data may be placed in this group. An agent may be classified in this category solely on the basis of strong evidence from mechanistic and other relevant data.

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E’ di imminente pubblicazione una monografia per illustrare lo stato dell’arte della ricerca in materia, tuttavia, per ora, è stato pubblicato l’abstract che riportiamo:

Lyon, France, May 31, 2011 ‐‐ The WHO/International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has

classified radiofrequency electromagnetic fields as possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B),

based on an increased risk for glioma, a malignant type of brain cancer, associated with

wireless phone use.

Background

Over the last few years, there has been mounting concern about the possibility of adverse

health effects resulting from exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields, such as those

emitted by wireless communication devices. The number of mobile phone subscriptions is

estimated at 5 billion globally.

From May 24–31 2011, a Working Group of 31 scientists from 14 countries has been meeting

at IARC in Lyon, France, to assess the potential carcinogenic hazards from exposure to

radiofrequency electromagnetic fields. These assessments will be published as Volume 102 of

the IARC Monographs, which will be the fifth volume in this series to focus on physical agents,

after Volume 55 (Solar Radiation), Volume 75 and Volume 78 on ionizing radiation (X‐rays,

gamma‐rays, neutrons, radio‐nuclides), and Volume 80 on non‐ionizing radiation (extremely

low‐frequency electromagnetic fields).

The IARC Monograph Working Group discussed the possibility that these exposures might

induce long‐term health effects, in particular an increased risk for cancer. This has relevance for

public health, particularly for users of mobile phones, as the number of users is large and

growing, particularly among young adults and children.

The IARC Monograph Working Group discussed and evaluated the available literature on the

following exposure categories involving radiofrequency electromagnetic fields:

occupational exposures to radar and to microwaves;

environmental exposures associated with transmission of signals for radio, television and

wireless telecommunication; and personal exposures associated with the use of wireless telephones.

International experts shared the complex task of tackling the exposure data, the studies of

cancer in humans, the studies of cancer in experimental animals, and the mechanistic and

other relevant data.

Results

The evidence was reviewed critically, and overall evaluated as being limited among users of

wireless telephones for glioma and acoustic neuroma, and inadequate to draw conclusions for

other types of cancers. The evidence from the occupational and environmental exposures

mentioned above was similarly judged inadequate. The Working Group did not quantitate the

risk; however, one study of past cell phone use (up to the year 2004), showed a 40% increased

risk for gliomas in the highest category of heavy users (reported average: 30 minutes per day

over a 10‐year period).

Conclusions

Dr Jonathan Samet (University of Southern California, USA), overall Chairman of the Working

Group, indicated that “the evidence, while still accumulating, is strong enough to support a

conclusion and the 2B classification. The conclusion means that there could be some risk, and

therefore we need to keep a close watch for a link between cell phones and cancer risk.”

“Given the potential consequences for public health of this classification and findings,” said IARC

Director Christopher Wild, “it is important that additional research be conducted into the long‐

term, heavy use of mobile phones. Pending the availability of such information, it is important

to take pragmatic measures to reduce exposure such as hands‐free devices or texting. “

The Working Group considered hundreds of scientific articles; the complete list will be published

in the Monograph. It is noteworthy to mention that several recent in‐press scientific articles

resulting from the Interphone study were made available to the working group shortly before it

was due to convene, reflecting their acceptance for publication at that time, and were included

in the evaluation.

A concise report summarizing the main conclusions of the IARC Working Group and the

evaluations of the carcinogenic hazard from radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (including

the use of mobile telephones) will be published in The Lancet Oncology in its July 1 issue, and in

a few days online.